Donald Charles Cameron1

M
     Donald Charles Cameron was the son of William Justin Beauchamp Cameron and Elizabeth Patricia Cameron.1 Donald Charles Cameron married Isabel Butler.1 In December 1943 Donald Charles Cameron was living of Rouse Hill, New South Wales.2

Child of Donald Charles Cameron and Isabel Butler

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.
  2. [S49] CWGC.

Donald Charles Cameron1

M, d. 17 November 1891
     Donald Charles Cameron was the son of Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine.1 Donald Charles Cameron died on 17 November 1891 in Thornhill, Inverness, "late of Glenbrittle, Isle of Skye, last surviving son of the late Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine and Foxhall."1

Citations

  1. [S205] Newspaper, Glasgow Herald, 19 November 1891.

Sir Donald Charles Cameron KCMG, DSO1

M, b. 19 November 1879, d. 19 November 1960
     Sir Donald Charles Cameron KCMG, DSO was born on 19 November 1879 in Brisbane, Queensland.2 He was the son of John Cameron and Sarah Annie Lodge.1 He was educated at Toowoomba and Brisbane Grammar schools and at 18 became a clerk in the Queensland Meat Export and Agency Co., of which his father was chairman of directors.

In 1899 Cameron went on a tour of Europe and Asia. He was in China during the Boxer Rebellion and after attaching himself to an American infantry regiment which had been dispatched from Manila, accompanied it to Peking. He returned to Australia in 1901, volunteered for service in the South African War, and on 19 March was commissioned lieutenant in the 6th (Queensland Imperial Bushmen) Contingent. He reached Cape Town in May and for the next year participated in patrolling and mopping-up operations in the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony. On 16 June he risked his life to rescue a wounded trooper and was mentioned in dispatches. His unit was disbanded in June 1902.

In 1902-14 Cameron, with his brothers, managed the family property, Kensington Downs, near Longreach, and was involved in their associated pastoral and other business activities. He visited Europe and the United States of America in 1903.3 Sir Donald Charles Cameron KCMG, DSO married Evelyn Stella Jardine on 18 February 1914 in St. John's Anglican Cathedral, Brisbane.2 Soon afterwards he toured China and Japan; he had just returned home when World War I broke out. He enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 30 September and was appointed captain in the 7th Light Horse Regiment; on 17 November he transferred to the 5th L.H.R. and embarked for Egypt in December as second-in-command of 'C' Squadron. From 20 May 1915 until the evacuation his regiment fought as infantry at Gallipoli. Cameron was wounded on 9 June and again, quite severely, on 28 June in the heroic but fruitless attack on Turkish trenches known as the Balkan Gun Pits. This wound was to trouble him for the rest of his life as removal of the bullet which had entered just below his ribs was considered too hazardous.

Cameron was promoted major on 9 September and rejoined his unit in Egypt on 3 January 1916. After serving in the Suez Canal zone he crossed into Sinai in April and for the next ten months commanded his squadron in numerous patrols and skirmishes; he fought in the battle of Romani on 4-5 August. In February 1917 the light horse advanced into Palestine and took part in the battles of Gaza and in operations and patrols in the Wady Ghuzze. Cameron was promoted lieut-colonel on 30 October and took command of the regiment which he led in the attack on Beersheba and the advance on Jerusalem.

In the early months of 1918 he went to England on leave, returning in April to resume command for the offensives against the retreating Turks which ended in their capitulation at Ziza on 30 October. Here Cameron was faced with the task of protecting the enemy force from Allied Bedouin troops while he arranged the surrender. For service in the Palestine campaign he was mentioned in dispatches three times, awarded the Distinguished Service Order and the Order of the Nile, and appointed C.M.G. He was an able commanding officer with a gift for obtaining 'machine-like discipline' from his men without having to demand it; morale in his regiment was always high. The writer Ion Idriess, who served under him, remembered him as 'a nuggety chap, not very tall, with a rugged face that (broke) easily into a smile'; in action he was'never flustered' and was a 'cool but a quick thinker'.

After demobilization Cameron returned to Kensington Downs and in 1919-31 represented Brisbane for the National Party in the House of Representatives. Ill health forced his retirement but he was Nationalist member for Lilley in 1934-37; he contested the Senate election in 1937 but was defeated. As a parliamentarian he represented Australia at the League of Nations Assembly in 1923 and sat on the joint select committee on Commonwealth electoral law and procedure in 1926-27. A tireless worker, he always had the interests of ex-servicemen at heart; and in parliament was a leading spokesman for the Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia; when a history of the 5th L.H.R. was printed in 1926, he paid the publishing costs and presented a copy to every member of the regiment. He commanded the 14th L.H.R. in 1921-24, was president or patron of many social organizations and hospitaller and almoner of the Order of St John in Australia. He was appointed K.C.M.G. in 1932. In World War II he served as chairman of the New South Wales recruiting drive committee for the Royal Australian Air Force.

After the war Cameron lived in retirement in Sydney and Brisbane and towards the end of his life he and his wife were hospitalized in Brisbane; she predeceased him, as did their only daughter.3 Sir Donald Charles Cameron KCMG, DSO died on 19 November 1960 at the age of 81 and was cremated with Presbyterian forms. In accordance with his wishes his ashes were buried near the grave of his grandfather in the family cemetery on Home Creek station near Barcaldine.1,2

Child of Sir Donald Charles Cameron KCMG, DSO and Evelyn Stella Jardine

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 7.
  2. [S92] Various Editors, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 7. p 532/3.
  3. [S92] Various Editors, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 7. p 532.
  4. [S92] Various Editors, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 7. p 533.

Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron1

M, b. 6 October 1857, d. 28 November 1927
     Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron was born on 6 October 1857 in Native Creek.2,3 He was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron married Adelaide Arabella Annette Cameron, daughter of Allan Russell Cameron, on 13 June 1883.4,5 Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron married Clara Emily Holme, daughter of Rev. Thomas Holme and Martha Louisa Maria Zillman, on 20 April 1892 in All Souls, Leichhardt, New South Wales.6 Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron died on 28 November 1927 in Queensland at the age of 70.7

Child of Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron and Adelaide Arabella Annette Cameron

Children of Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron and Clara Emily Holme

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 19.
  3. [S232] Ancestry.com, Australia Cemetery Index, 1808-2007.
  4. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 9.
  5. [S232] Ancestry.com, Australia Marriage Index, 1788-1950.
  6. [S205] Newspaper, The Brisbane Courier, 3 May 1892.
  7. [S232] Ancestry.com, Australia Death Index, 1787-1985.

Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine1

M, b. 1781, d. 1848
     Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine was born in 1781.2 He was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and (unknown) Cameron of Letterfinlay.1 Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine died in 1848.2

Children of Donald Charles Cameron of Barcaldine

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S34] Unverified internet information, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/8315
  3. [S205] Newspaper, Perthshire Advertiser, 12 September 1844.
  4. [S205] Newspaper, Glasgow Herald, 19 November 1891.

Capt. Donald Colin Cameron1

M, b. 17 January 1827, d. December 1883
     Capt. Donald Colin Cameron was born on 17 January 1827 in Glenelg, Inverness.2 He was the son of Ewen Cameron and Mary McIver.1 Capt. Donald Colin Cameron married Jane Macdonald, daughter of James Thomas Macdonald, on 16 July 1863 in Edinburgh.1,2 Capt. Donald Colin Cameron died in December 1883 in Tallisker, Syke, at the age of 56.1

Children of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Donald John Cameron1,2

M, b. 28 May 1870
     Donald John Cameron was born on 28 May 1870 in Bracadale, Inverness.2 He was the son of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Edith Alfred Cameron1

F, b. 17 April 1861
     Edith Alfred Cameron was christened on 17 April 1861 at St. Michael, Barbados.1 She was the daughter of Alexander Gordon Matheson Cameron M.D. and Edith Daly.1

Citations

  1. [S89] Family Search, Caribbean Births and Baptisms, 1590-1928.

Eliza Cameron1

F, b. 7 August 1852
     Eliza Cameron was born on 7 August 1852.2 She was the daughter of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 Eliza Cameron died of diptheria on the voyage to Australia. Buried on St. Vincent.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.

Elizabeth Patricia Cameron1

F
     Elizabeth Patricia Cameron was the daughter of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 Elizabeth Patricia Cameron is also recorded as Aunt Bea.1 She married William Justin Beauchamp Cameron.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.
  2. [S205] Newspaper, The Telegraph (Brisbane), 16 February 1937.
  3. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 9.

Ewan Cameron of Dawnie or Glen Nevis1

M
     Ewan Cameron of Dawnie or Glen Nevis was the son of Allan Cameron. In 1746 knighted by Prince Charles after the battle of Falkirk. He led the Cameron Clan in the last disastrous Stuart rising.2

Child of Ewan Cameron of Dawnie or Glen Nevis

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.

Ewen Cameron1

M
     Ewen Cameron was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and (unknown) Cameron of Letterfinlay.1 Ewen Cameron married Mary McIver, daughter of Rev. Colin McIver and Anne McLeod.2 A sheep-farmer in Glenelg and subsequently in Tallisker, Skye.1

Children of Ewen Cameron and Mary McIver

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 26.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  3. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Ewen Colclough Beauchamp Cameron1

M, b. 7 September 1889, d. 11 June 1950
     Ewen Colclough Beauchamp Cameron was born on 7 September 1889 in Queensland.2 He was the son of William Justin Beauchamp Cameron and Elizabeth Patricia Cameron.1 Ewen Colclough Beauchamp Cameron died on 11 June 1950 in Queensland at the age of 60.3

Citations

  1. [S205] Newspaper, The Telegraph (Brisbane), 16 February 1937.
  2. [S232] Ancestry.com, Australia, Birth Index, 1788-1922.
  3. [S205] Newspaper, Western Herald (Bourke, NSW), 30 June 1950.

Ewen Donald Charles Cameron1,2

M, b. 7 June 1864
     Ewen Donald Charles Cameron was born on 7 June 1864 in Bracadale, Inverness.2 He was the son of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Ewen Cameron M.D.1

M
     Ewen Cameron M.D. was born in Castle Orgueil, Jersey.2 He was the son of John Cameron and Isabella Kennedy.1 In 1849 he was in Berbice for he sent a sample of Urari (curare) poison in a gourd to Edinburgh University.3 Ewan Donald Cameron, holds a junior post on one of the estates of the Hon. V.A. Wolseley, in Demerara.4 Ewen Cameron M.D. died s.n.p.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.
  3. [S205] Newspaper, Journal of anatomy and physiology, Volume 24, p. 400.
  4. [S205] Newspaper, The Celtic Monthly, vol.VII 1899. Page 160.

Garfield Cameron1

M
     Garfield Cameron married Michael ? Mabel Sissons.1

Child of Garfield Cameron and Michael ? Mabel Sissons

Citations

  1. [S232] Ancestry.com, Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967. Knowlton (Anglican Church), 1937.

Dr. Gavin Holme Cameron1

M, b. 7 April 1893, d. 7 August 1951
     Dr. Gavin Holme Cameron was born on 7 April 1893 in Toowoomba, Queensland.2 He was the son of Donald Charles Kennedy Cameron and Clara Emily Holme.1 Dr. Gavin Holme Cameron married Mary Agatha Fitzgerald on 17 February 1920 in Brisbane

A wedding of interest to a large circle of friends was celebrated in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Brisbane, on February 17, when Dr. Gavin Holme Cameron (late of the A.I.F., and eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. D.C.K. Cameron, of Kensington Downs, and Caledonia, Aramac) was married to Miss Mary Agatha Fitzgerald (daughter of the late Mr. J. F. Fitzgerald and Mrs. Fitzgerald, of Enderley, New Farm., Brisbane). The Very Rev. Father Fitzgerald (uncle of the bride), assisted by the Rev. Father Lane, officiated. The bride was given away by her brother (Mr. F. Fitzgerald). The bridesmaids were Misses Paula Fitzgerald (sister of the bride) and Marjorie Cameron (sister of the bridegroom). Mr. Stuart Cameron (late of the A.I.F.) acted as best man, and Lieutenant Waldon Taylor (late of the A.I.F.) as groomsman. After the ceremony a reception was held at Enderley, and subsequently Mr. and Mrs. Gavin Cameron left for the South for the honeymoon. The Queenslander, 28 February 1920.3
Dr. Gavin Holme Cameron died on 7 August 1951 in Brisbane at the age of 58.4

Gavin Holme Cameron
M.B., Ch.M. : Captain, A.A.M.C., A.I.F., France and England. Enlisting 1st March, 1916, and sailing 3rd June as R.M.O. 42nd Battn., crossed to France in November and served at Armentieres and elsewhere until June, 1917. Then after sick leave, was M.O. No. 3 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Dartford, from August to November. On 7th December joined 7th Australian Field Ambulance and was subsequently with 20th Battn., 2nd Divisional Ammunition Column and 6th and 5th A.F.Ambs. till January. Then was again M.O. No. 3 A.A.H. till March, when granted post-graduate leave in London. R.A.N.R. : Surgeon-Lieutenant-Commander, 1930. Early education at Toowoomba and Sydney Church of England Grammar Schools. Later at St. Paul''s College.2

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 9.
  2. [S34] Unverified internet information, http://beyond1914.sydney.edu.au/profile/2589/…
  3. [S205] Newspaper, The Queenslander, 28 February 1920 (transcription from http://trove.nla.gov.au).
  4. [S205] Newspaper, Queensland Times, 8 August 1951.

Helen Patricia Cameron1

F
     Helen Patricia Cameron was the daughter of William Justin Beauchamp Cameron and Elizabeth Patricia Cameron.1 Helen Patricia Cameron died unmarried.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.

Isabella Harriett Cameron

F, b. 19 July 1845, d. 3 January 1921
     Isabella Harriett Cameron was born on 19 July 1845 in Sheldon House, Berbice, British Guiana. She was the daughter of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore. Isabella Harriett Cameron travelled on 16 October 1853 to Melbourne, Australia; on the S.S. Great Britain.1 She married James Crombie, son of David Guillan Crombie and Janet Campbell (Jessie) Webster, on 1 December 1869 in the Presbyterian Church, Springsure, Queensland.2 Isabella Harriett Cameron died on 3 January 1921 in Oriel. Oriel Road, Clayfield, Queensland, at the age of 75.

Children of Isabella Harriett Cameron and James Crombie

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 16.
  2. [S6] Crombie-Sewell Family tree in the possession of John Rees.

James Cameron1

M
     James Cameron was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 James Cameron died in Victoria in infancy.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.

James Thomas Cameron1

M, b. 20 December 1865
     James Thomas Cameron was born on 20 December 1865 in Bracadale, Inverness.2 He was the son of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Jane Cameron1

F, b. 1854
     Jane Cameron was born in 1854 in Native Creek, Australia.1 She was the daughter of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 Jane Cameron died in infancy.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.

Jane Anne (Jeanie?) Cameron1,2

F, b. 24 April 1872
     Jane Anne (Jeanie?) Cameron was born on 24 April 1872 in Bracadale, Inverness.2 She was the daughter of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald.1

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Janet Margaret Cameron1

F, b. 2 January 1869
     Janet Margaret Cameron was born on 2 January 1869 in Bracadale, Inverness.1 She was the daughter of Capt. Donald Colin Cameron and Jane Macdonald.1

Citations

  1. [S89] Family Search, Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950.

Jean Catherine Orr Cameron1

F, b. 9 December 1913, d. 23 May 1996
     Jean Catherine Orr Cameron was born on 9 December 1913.1 She was the daughter of Garfield Cameron and Michael ? Mabel Sissons.2 Jean Catherine Orr Cameron married Robert Lundy Grout, son of James Bell Lundy Grout and Helen Buell Kinney, on 14 August 1937 in St. Paul's Church, Knowlton, Québec.2 Jean Catherine Orr Cameron died on 23 May 1996 at the age of 82.1

Citations

  1. [S5] William Darcy McKeough, McKeough Family Tree.
  2. [S232] Ancestry.com, Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967. Knowlton (Anglican Church), 1937.

Jephson Beauchamp Cameron1,2

M, b. 1911, d. 1989
     Jephson Beauchamp Cameron was born in 1911.2 He was the son of Allan Ewan Cameron and Beatrice Katharine Huband-Smith.1 Jephson Beauchamp Cameron died in 1989.2

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 8.
  2. [S34] Unverified internet information, http://www.icr.com.au/~mcameron/

John Cameron

M, b. 1773, d. 30 April 1853
     John Cameron was born in 1773 in Dawnie, Kilmany. He was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and (unknown) Cameron of Letterfinlay. Enlisted in the Cameron Highlanders, he then purchased a commission. He was stationed for a time with the garrison on Jersey, where his two eldest sons were born. Later he retired and took a lease of the farm of Lundavra in Lochaber and subsequently of Lianassie in Kintail. The Australian Dictionary of Biography notes that he was with the 79th Highlanders at Waterloo.1,2,3 John Cameron married Isabella Kennedy. John Cameron died on 30 April 1853 in Lianassie, Kintail.2

Children of John Cameron and Isabella Kennedy

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.
  3. [S92] Various Editors, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 7. p 532/3.

John Cameron1

M, b. 13 March 1847, d. 29 June 1914
     John Cameron was born on 13 March 1847 in Berbice, British Guiana.2 He was the son of Donald Charles Cameron and Margaret Anne Moore.1 John Cameron married his first wife Sarah Annie Lodge, daughter of Oliver Lodge, on 18 April 1877 at St. John's Church, Mudgee, New South Wales.3,4 John Cameron married Louise Christine Heussler, daughter of Hon. J.C. Heussler, on 27 December 1899 in Maida Hill Presbyterian Church.5 John Cameron died on 29 June 1914 at the age of 67 After a long illness Cameron died of intestinal neoplasm at his home Avoca, Albion, Brisbane. He was buried in the Toowong cemetery with ceremonies befitting an elder of the Presbyterian Church and the chief of the Caledonian and Burns clubs.6

John was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne, and at Geelong Church of England Grammar School, where 'I never did any good beyond being a good fighter'. He began work as a jackeroo in 1859; in 1861-63, with the Crombie brothers, the Camerons and their flocks pushed northwest from Inverell, New South Wales, to Barcaldine, Queensland. After eighteen months at Barcaldine Downs, John became overseer of Alice Downs and subsequently manager of Wilby. When the Camerons, Crombies, T. S. Mort J. T. Allan and Herbert Garrett formed a partnership embracing an empire of seven huge runs, John entered the firm. The partnership was dissolved in 1877 but he retained, with his brother-in-law James Crombie, Kensington Downs and Greenhills. The agreement with Crombie disintegrated in 1881 and Cameron and his mother kept Kensington Downs of 625 square miles (1619 km2), 62 miles (100 km) north-east of Longreach. He lived there until 1891 when he retired to Brisbane.

Cameron was more a representative of the second phase of Queensland pastoral pioneering, when capital and managerial skill generally superseded physical endurance, luck and personal persistence as prerequisites for survival. Yet he experienced many early vicissitudes and hardships which shortened his life: he once spent several days in the branches of a gum (a marooned pastoral mariner) during a terrible Dawson River flood. He took pains to avoid the homicidal problems of squatter-Aboriginal confrontation.

Cameron's 'peculiar' attitudes towards Chinese labour - 'He has always contended that the Chinese gardener or cook is unnecessary and Kensington Downs has been always for a White Australia' - blunted Labor opposition to both his person and his business interests. Cameron, whose hospitality, courtesy and essential fairness demonstrated both his generous tolerance and strong personality, survived long enough to receive the respect of western Labor politicians who had sprung from the same genre. George Kerr remarked in 1904: 'The member poses, and has a right to pose, as a good and kind employer'. In 1891, however, Cameron had fulminated that 'in the fight for a principle (free contract) he was prepared to lose every sheep that he possessed'.

On 15 April 1889 Cameron convened a meeting of employers at Barcaldine 'to consider the advisableness of forming a Union for the prevention of strikes and the amicable settlement of disputes which may arise'. This body subsequently became the Central Queensland Pastoral Employers' Association: Cameron was its president in 1893-1908. On an intercolonial level he helped organize, co-ordinate and direct the pastoralists' campaign against the labour thrust of the 1890s, an activity which quietly paralleled, and historically may well have been as effective as, the 'new unions' and the colonial Labor parties. In 1897-1908 he was president of the United Pastoralists' Association of Queensland during a critical period of labour, economic and climatic problems.

Helping the conservative coalition pick up the pieces following the Queensland National Bank disasters (he served as pastoral valuer and consultant to the 1896-97 committee, which revealed unpalatable truths), Cameron became part of that brief revival and consolidation of Queensland quasi-capitalism which followed the depression of the 1890s, when he was hard hit. He was wise enough to avoid purchasing pastoral freeholds: 'I would sell land to anybody who would be fool enough to buy it', he declared in 1904, 'I do not own an acre in Western Queensland; and I do not wish to own any'. But he was forced to rely heavily on bank and agency credit: in 1896 he mortgaged Kensington Downs's 113,117 sheep to Dalgety's the Mercantile Bank and the Commercial Bank of Australia.

Cameron survived the depression, only to suffer a serious set-back during the great drought and wool-price slump of 1900-02. Yet his probity, political influence and individual solvency enabled him to replace the old, discredited entrepreneurs as chairman of Morehead Ltd, and as a director of the Queensland National Bank, the Darling Downs and Western Lands Co., the Queensland Meat Export and Agency Co. Ltd, the Union Trustee Co. and the Alliance Insurance Co.

Elected to the Legislative Assembly for Mitchell in 1893 as a central separationist, free trader and stern retrenches, Cameron used his qualities of honesty, shrewdness and even temper to influence coalition ministers. Declining office, he worked for the pastoral interest behind the scenes. He spoke infrequently but always to the point, preferring to argue the pastoralists' case for effective wage-reduction and voluntary arbitration in public, while privately urging the government to smash the shearing strikes of 1891 and 1894. These tactics were successful and Cameron never attracted the opprobrium heaped on Tozer and Sir Samuel Griffith

His defeat by Labor candidates in 1896 (Mitchell) and 1899 (Barcoo) signified that the squatters' position was now electorally hopeless in western Queensland. Having declared publicly in 1895 that 'I have never believed in the principle of one man one vote, and nothing will ever convince me that men should have equal voting rights', he was clearly an anachronism. But he remained undaunted. Deeply disturbed by the pastoral industry's plight, Cameron re-entered parliament for Brisbane North in 1901 and, with his co-member E. B. Forrest, was never seriously challenged. Ill health compelled his retirement in February 1908.

A staunch Philp adherent, he was prepared to be flexible if it would help the pastoralists. By 1905 he was even conceding the right of women as well as pastoral workers to vote, although the idea of an income tax remained particularly obnoxious. Cameron never denied that he entered parliament as a squatters' delegate to retrieve a disastrous situation. Parliament, he said, 'must revive the great primary industries of the State so that all else would flourish'.'The city', he declared in 1904, 'was only the great emporium, the great mart where primary products were distributed, where buyer and seller most easily met. Without a prosperous back-country, the city would languish'. Most Queenslanders agreed with him. Although he failed to extend pastoral leases and revise pastoral classifications in the Pastoral Holdings New Leases Act of 1901, Cameron worked for thirty amendments in a bill of sixteen clauses. His tactics succeeded in extracting from the government more generous provisions than they were initially prepared to concede. In 1902 he effectively used the Queensland financial lobby in London and skilfully conducted a model campaign that generated light for the squatters rather than heat amongst the politicians. This was his apogee. The (Sir Arthur) Morgan ministry was less sympathetic. In March 1904, replying to Cameron's presentation of a memorial by 400 leading squatters pleading for further relief, Morgan was unsympathetic and allowed only some minor concessions.

Cameron visited Japan for his health in 1906 and never again spoke in the assembly. His political career concluded on a bizarre note which indicated that the shape of Queensland politics had decisively altered. In 1905 he had published the text of a land tax bill in the Daily Mail, alleging that he had found it on the floor of a room in Parliament House. It is probable that the text had been leaked to Cameron, whose desire to injure a Liberal government and defeat a land tax momentarily got the better of him. The tactic backfired and the conservative rump of a dozen or so members was tactically outmanoeuvred by the government. Cameron's declining health had undoubtedly affected his judgment.

Children of John Cameron and Sarah Annie Lodge

Child of John Cameron and Louise Christine Heussler

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 18.
  3. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 12.
  4. [S205] Newspaper, The Brisbane Courier, 1 May 1877.
  5. [S205] Newspaper, The Queenslander, 6 January 1900.
  6. [S92] Various Editors, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 7. p 532/3.
  7. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 7.

John Cameron1

M
     John Cameron was the son of John Cameron and Sarah Annie Lodge.1 John Cameron married Clarice May McAlister on 4 June 1908 in Marathon, Queensland.2

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 7.
  2. [S205] Newspaper, Queensland Figaro, 18 June 1908.

John Cameron M.D.1

M, d. 29 January 1857
     John Cameron M.D. was the son of John Cameron and Isabella Kennedy.1 John Cameron M.D. died on 29 January 1857 in New Amsterdam, Berbice, British Guiana, of yellow fever.2

Citations

  1. [S47] James Cameron & Archer, Sarah Beatrice Cameron Crombie, The Crombies and Camerons, p. 27.
  2. [S205] Newspaper, Glasgow Herald, 16 Mar 1857.